Anna Sofia Palm de Rosa (25 December 1859 – 2 May 1924) was a Swedish artist and landscape painter. In the 1890s she became one of Sweden’s most popular painters with her watercolours of steamers and sailing ships and scenes of Stockholm. She also painted a memorable picture of a game of cards in Skagen’s Brøndums Hotel while she spent a summer with the Skagen Painters. At the age of 36, Anna Palm left Sweden for good, spending the rest of her life in the south of Italy, where she married an infantry officer.
Early life and education
Born on Christmas Day 1859 in Stockholm, Palm de Rosa was the daughter of the painter Gustaf Wilhelm Palm and Eva Sandberg, who was the daughter of the painter Johan Gustaf Sandberg. The family home at No. 19 Barnhuträdgårdgatan (today Olof Palmas Gata) was a popular meeting place for their artist friends including Nils Kreuger, Gustaf Cederström, Georg Pauli and Vicke Andrén (1856-1930). Anna Palm was educated privately by her father who taught at the Elementary Drawing School (Elementarteckningsskolan) which prepared students for the Royal Swedish Academy of Art.
She did not attend the Royal Academy itself as it was still unusual for women to study there. In the 1880s, she became a student of the history painter Edvard Perséus and the landscape painter Per Daniel Holm (1835–1903). In 1885, with her parents’ support, she travelled to Denmark where she spent some time in Skagen, painting Et l’hombre parti på Brøndums Hotel (A game of L’hombre in Brøndums Hotel). She also went to Antwerp where she studied under the marine painter Romain Steppe (1859–1927) before spending some time in Paris.