Friday is the day of the week between Thursday and Saturday. In countries adopting the “Monday-first” convention it is the fifth day of the week. In countries that adopt the “Sunday-first” convention, it is the sixth and penultimate day of the week.
In most Western countries, Friday is the fifth and final day of the working week. In some other countries, for example the Maldives, Friday is the first day of the weekend, with Saturday the second. In Israel Friday is the sixth day of the week. In Iran, Friday is the last day of the weekend, with Saturday as the first day of the working week. Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia and Kuwait also followed this convention until they changed to a Friday–Saturday weekend on 1 September 2006 in Bahrain and the UAE, and a year later in Kuwait. In Iran, Thursday and Friday are weekend days.
The name Friday comes from the Old English Frīġedæġ, meaning the “day of Frige”, a result of an old convention associating the Germanic goddess Frigg with the Roman goddess Venus, with whom the day is associated in many different cultures. The same holds for Frīatag in Old High German, Freitag in Modern German, and vrijdag in Dutch.
The expected cognate name in Old Norse would be friggjar-dagr. The name of Friday in Old Norse is frjá-dagr instead, indicating a loan of the week-day names from Low German, however the modern Faroese name is fríggjadagur. The modern Scandinavian form is fredag in Swedish, Norwegian, and Danish, meaning Freyja’s day. The distinction between Freyja and Frigg in some Germanic mythologies is contested.