The world is full of wonders, it is in human nature to try and explain any occurrence both normal and rare in various doctrines. Religion, traditions, and science have over thousands of years done this to some level of satisfaction or acceptance by human beings.
However, there are some occurrences, structures or features of the world that have simply surpassed human comprehension. These features are either so rare, ancient or too complex to be understood and as such are referred to as wonders of the world. Over the years, we’ve had many wonders of the world but as time passes we discover new ones.
10. Chichen Itza
The Maya people had an upper hand in the artistic world. They developed a system of hieroglyphic writing works of art and sculpture displaying the Mayas intricate sets of style. In Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, they built the Great city of Chichen Itza. The city takes part of its name from the large wells that were its only permanent source of water.
It is believed that live humans were thrown into the wells as sacrifice to the rain gods who lived in its depths. There is a circular building which is thought to be an observatory. By carefully watching the stars, the Maya developed a 365-day calendar and could even predict solar eclipses.
Chichen Itza was influenced by other people since around year 1000 experts believe that the Mayan city was invaded by foreigners. The Mayan people built a pyramid with 365 steps same as the number of days in a solar year to protect themselves and guard their culture.
9. Easter Island
Rapa Nui, which is the name given to the Easter Island by its first inhabitants, is the territory of Chile and is situated in the southern Pacific Ocean and is considered as one of the new wonders of the world. The island is situated 2300 miles West of Chile.
The 63 square mile piece of land is home to 887 huge stone statues. The statues carry the name Moai and started to be carved at some point between the 13th and 15th century. The statues are easily recognizable due to their peculiar faces.
They have long noses, wide chins, heavy eyebrows, rectangular ears, and deeply set eyes. Firstly people thought that the statues were only made up of heads, but later it was discovered during excavations in 2012 that the bodies were just hidden underground.
Curiously, all the statues except one group face inland which means their backs are turned to the ocean. This is believed to be because the inhabitants thought the statues were protectors of the land. The island is full of mysteries and facts which seem to be unfolding every day.
8. Qin Terra Cotta Warriors
In ancient Chinese history, they believed in an afterlife. When the Elite or Noble people died, they were buried with their servants as human sacrifice. This practice was highly criticized and as a substitute, sculptures resembling the diseased (Terra Cotta Warriors) were made as a way of showing respect.
These warriors are all life-sized like real soldiers and had different facial features. From their hairstyle and head-gear, you can tell they are different ranks. The Terra Cotta warriors were found accidentally when a group of farmers dug a well and found pieces of the pottery and heads of some of the warriors’ sculptures.
The warriors now stand as another wonder of the world.
7. Norwegian Fjords
Tens of millions of years ago, Norway was gifted with glacial activity which made incredibly beautiful crinkle-cut coastline of fjords. A fjord is simply a long, narrow, deep inlet of the sea between high cliffs. Almost every fjords cruise visits Geirangerfjord.
This UNESCO-listed canyon-like gem is considered one of nature’s great masterpieces with waterfalls tumbling down mountainsides at every turn. Three are particularly photogenic: The Seven Sisters, The Suitor, and The Bridal Veil, with surprisingly an average drop of 82ft.
You can choose to admire these cascading beauties from the comfort of your ship or, to get a close-up view.
6. Pyramids of Giza
It is one of the oldest archeological which is still intact. It includes three pyramids (Khufu/Cheops, Khafre/Chephren, and Menkaure), the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers’ village, and an industrial complex. These massive structures were built to last an eternity and have by far surpassed their expectation.
The Pharaohs expected to become gods in the afterlife and in preparation of all this, the want-to-be gods erected the pyramids and made for themselves tombs. These tombs were then filled with the ruler likings or what he thought would be necessary to continue his reign in the afterlife.
Pharaoh Khufu began the first pyramid project. His great pyramid is the tallest and is 481 feet.
Pharaoh Khafre (Khufu’s son) built the second pyramid at Giza in circa 2520 B.C
The third Giza pyramid was built by Pharaoh Menkaure in circa 2490 B.C. Although it was considerably smaller than the first two pyramids, its tomb was much complex and more fascinating.
Stonehenge is arguably the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. The structure is thought to be built in stages. It started with the early henge monument followed by the unique stone circle. The monument’s past has attracted a number of myths and theories.
According to old stories, Stonehenge was created by Merlin, the wizard of Arthurian legend, who magically transported the huge massive stones from Ireland, where ‘giants’ had assembled them.
Another legend says invading Danes put the stones up, and another theory says they were the ruins of a Roman temple. Modern-day interpretations are pretty much the same: some say that Stonehenge is a spacecraft landing area for aliens, and even more say it’s a giant fertility symbol in the shape of female genitalia.
4. The Grand Canyon
It is a steep-sided Canyon which is carved by Colorado River. The Grand Canyon is one of the most spectacular wonders of the world. It is 277 miles long, 18 miles wide at its widest and more than a mile deep into the earth’s crust and unlike the Great Wall of China, you can actually see it from space given the chance to.
It is believed that all the rivers in the world would only fill this Canyon half way which almost defies the theory that the Colorado River actually made it. The Colorado River is just 100 meters wide, which is not very big as to give a straightforward explanation on how it came to be.
3. The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China or simply Dragon Stone as it is popularly known as one of the greatest sights in the world. It is approximately 21196.18 km long and dates back to more than 2300 years old. The massive structure was built as a defense mechanism from Nomads who robbed them of their properties, destroyed their homes and even killed their loved ones.
Taking into account the size of the wall, scientists believe that it would have taken 100000 men to build the wall. The wall is notably not a single structure. It was built over several ages by different dynasties. The wall had a series of watchtowers to spot enemies and communicates to the emperor via smoke during daytime and fire at night.
2. Great Barrier Reef
One of Australia’s most amazing natural gifts, the Great Barrier Reef is gifted with the remarkable beauty of the world’s largest coral reef. The reef contains an abundance of aquatic or Marine life and has over 3000 individual reef systems and coral cays and hundreds of picturesque tropical islands with some of the world’s most beautiful sun-soaked, golden beaches.
Due to its natural beauty, the Great Barrier Reef has become one of the world’s most obvious tourist destinations. In an effort to preserve this sacred area, the government has banned over 33 percent of the area from fishing and has control measures to curb pollution.
The reef is thought to be over a million years old and should be preserved to stay another million more.
1. Amazon Rain Forest
We save the best for last. The Amazon Rainforest is the world’s largest rainforest covering an area of approximately 5500 square kilometers which amazingly represent over half of the world’s remaining rainforest. Most part of the Amazon is located in Brazil but parts of it extend to seven other countries namely: Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
The Amazon is home to 10 percent of the world’s species and produces over 20 percent of Earth’s oxygen hence its nickname ‘Lungs of the World’. Most part of the Amazon is under strict protection due to its delicate nature and huge significance to the world.
In some parts of the South American countries, trespassing into the Amazon is punishable by life or death sentence which poses a tough warning to poachers and charcoal burners. The inhabitants of the forest are just but a tip of the iceberg. It is believed that most of the Amazonian life is yet to be discovered.